The Temple of Kom Ombo is a unique archaeological site in Egypt, known for its distinctive ‘double’ design. It was constructed during the Ptolemaic dynasty, between 180 and 47 BC, with some additions made during the Roman period.  and is renowned for its unusual double design.


Three important  points about Kom Ombo Temple


  1. Kom Ombo Temple was dedicated to two sets of gods – the falcon god Haroeris and the crocodile god Sobek, representing the duality of life’s forces. The temple’s layout mirrors this duality, with twin sanctuaries, halls, and courts – a symmetrical ode to these contrasting deities.
  2. The carvings and reliefs within Kom Ombo Temple are not merely decorative; they offer a glimpse into the religious and medical practices of the time. Notably, the temple walls depict what are believed to be surgical instruments, providing fascinating insight into ancient medical knowledge.
  3. Despite the ravages of time, Kom Ombo Temple remains a place of profound historical and cultural significance. Its alignment with the annual flooding of the Nile and the agricultural cycle underscores its importance to the ancient Egyptians.

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Kom Ombo Temple: Where History Meets Harmony


Kom Ombo Temple, a harmonious blend of divine worship and architectural ingenuity, invites visitors to explore its dual sanctuaries and intricate reliefs. Built to honor the gods Sobek and Haroeris, the temple reflects the ancient Egyptians’ sophisticated understanding of balance and symmetry.

The southern half of the temple, bathed in the warm glow of the Egyptian sun, was dedicated to Sobek, the crocodile god of fertility and creator of the world,  along with Hathor and Khonsu. Here, one can find numerous representations of crocodiles, paying homage to the deity’s might. In contrast, the northern half venerates Haroeris, or Horus the Elder, with depictions of the falcon that symbolize the god of the sun. This part of the temple, known as the “House of the Falcon,” is equally rich in symbolism and history.


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Sobek and Hathor

Sobek, often depicted with the head of a crocodile, was a deity with a complex and fluid nature. Associated with the Nile crocodile, Sobek was revered for his power, fertility, and military prowess. He was also seen as a protective deity, invoked for defense against the dangers of the Nile. Sobek’s worship dates back to the Old Kingdom, and he enjoyed prominence especially during the Middle Kingdom under Pharaoh Amenemhat III, who had a particular interest in the Faiyum region, a center of Sobek’s cult.

Sobek was also connected to pharaonic power and was believed to have an apotropaic quality, meaning he could ward off evil. His aggressive and animalistic characteristics were thought to protect the army, the pharaohs, and the people. Sobek’s family tree is quite interesting, with Set or Khnum and Neith as his parents, and Renenutet or Meskhenet as his consort.

Hathor, whose name means “House of Horus,” was a major goddess who played a wide variety of roles. As a sky deity, she was the mother or consort of the sky god Horus and the sun god Ra, making her the symbolic mother of the pharaohs. Hathor was also associated with music, dance, joy, love, sexuality, and maternal care. She was often depicted as a cow, symbolizing her maternal and celestial aspects, but could also be represented as a lioness, a cobra, or a sycamore tree.

Hathor was one of Egypt’s most important deities from the Old Kingdom onwards, with more temples dedicated to her than any other goddess. Her most prominent temple was at Dendera in Upper Egypt. Hathor was also connected with foreign lands and their valuable goods, like incense and semiprecious stones, and was commonly invoked in private prayers and votive offerings, particularly by women desiring children.


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At Horizon Travel, we understand the allure of Egypt’s timeless monuments. Our trips to Egypt 2024 are crafted to offer you an immersive experience of the country’s legendary sites, including the majestic Kom Ombo Temple. From the bustling streets of Cairo and his important visits like The Grand Egyptian Museum to the tranquil waters of the Nile River to Abu Simbel Temples, let us guide you through the land of pharaohs and pyramids. Discover Egypt with Horizon Travel and its best Egypt travel packages, where every journey is an epic tale waiting to unfold.