The Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM), also known as the Giza Museum, is a beacon of Egypt’s rich heritage. Conceived in 1992 by then-President Hosni Mubarak, the museum was envisioned to unify Egypt’s ancient artifacts under one roof, away from the crowded and dimly lit Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The foundation stone was laid in 2002, and after overcoming delays due to political unrest and the COVID-19 pandemic, the museum opened its doors with limited access in February 20232.


Architectural Marvel: The Design of The Grand Egyptian Museum


Designed by the Irish firm Heneghan Peng Architects, The Grand Egyptian Museum stands as the largest archaeological museum dedicated to a single civilization. The museum’s design, awarded after an international competition, echoes the Pyramids of Giza with its triangular façade and sloping ceilings. It spans over 490,000 square meters and is part of the “Giza 2030” master plan, aiming to integrate the museum into the plateau’s landscape. The museum’s structure is a testament to modern architecture’s ability to pay homage to ancient civilizations.

Dedicated Spaces: The Composition of the Museum


The Grand Egyptian Museum is composed of various dedicated spaces, including permanent exhibition galleries, temporary exhibitions, and special exhibitions. It also houses a children’s museum, virtual and large format screens, and extensive gardens, providing a comprehensive experience for visitors of all ages. 

And for sure The Conservation Laboratory. The Grand Egyptian Museum is not just a display space but also a center for preservation. Its state-of-the-art conservation laboratory is where experts work diligently to preserve the treasures of Tutankhamun and other artifacts. This lab ensures that the legacy of ancient Egypt continues to be appreciated for generations to come.

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The Treasures of Tutankhamun


The Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) is proud to house the most extensive collection of artifacts from a single Egyptian pharaoh, King Tutankhamun. This young ruler of ancient Egypt, who ascended to the throne at the tender age of nine and passed away by nineteen, has fascinated the world ever since the discovery of his nearly intact tomb in 1922 by Howard Carter.


King Tutankhamun’s Collection: 

The GEM’s collection showcases over 5,000 objects from King Tut’s tomb, many of which are on public display for the first time. This comprehensive exhibition includes his golden mask, one of the most iconic symbols of ancient Egypt, alongside chariots, jewelry, furniture, and even clothing. Each artifact tells a story of the craftsmanship, religious practices, and daily life of the time.


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The Golden Mask: A Masterpiece of Ancient Art

King Tutankhamun’s golden mask is a marvel of ancient artistry, crafted from 11 kilograms of solid gold and adorned with semi-precious stones. The mask’s visage, meant to secure the pharaoh’s safe passage to the afterlife, is one of the most recognized images of ancient Egypt and a highlight of the GEM’s collection.


Chariots and Weapons: Symbols of Power and Prestige

The pharaoh’s chariots and weapons, symbols of his power and status, reflect the technological advancements and artistic achievements of the era. The intricately decorated chariots, designed for both warfare and ceremonial use, demonstrate the importance of these vehicles in ancient Egyptian society.


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The Colossus of Ramses II


The Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) is home to the awe-inspiring statue of Ramses II, a monumental limestone figure that has stood the test of time. This 3,200-year-old colossus, weighing a staggering 83 tons and towering over 30 feet high, was originally erected at the Temple of Ptah in Memphis. It represents Ramses II, also known as Ramses the Great, one of ancient Egypt’s most formidable and celebrated pharaohs.

Ramses II’s reign from 1279 to 1213 BCE marked the zenith of Egypt’s power and glory. Known for his extensive building projects, including the Ramesseum and the Great Temple at Abu Simbel, Ramses II was also a warrior king who led military campaigns across Nubia and Syria. His victories and achievements were immortalized in stone, and the colossus at The Grand Egyptian Museum is a testament to his enduring legacy.

The Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) invites intrepid explorers to unravel the enigmas of Egypt's past. As you plan your journey, Horizon Travel offers Egypt vacation packages 2024, ensuring you witness the splendor of The Grand Egyptian Museum and other historical wonders from the Great Pyramids of Giza to Abu Simle Templs.